Civil rights are granted by a local or national government, and are in theory extended to all citizens and sometimes other types of residents. Since those rights are confirmed in specific laws and other kinds of governing documents, the violation of those rights makes it possible to take legal action against the offending party or parties.
Examples of Civil Rights
In many nations, the right to free speech is considered a civil right. This is the case when the laws of the land specifically provide for this privilege in the form of an enforceable statute. Typically, there may be laws that do place some limitations on the practice of free speech. For example, libel and slander laws help protect innocent parties from being victimized by those who would spread unverifiable data about them.
The right to vote is another example of a civil right. Governments set specific qualifications for being able to enjoy this right. This means that a voter may have to be at least a certain age in order to vote in an election.
Many forms of civil rights are intended to provide equal access and opportunity for all people. This includes access to public education, the right to use public transportation, and fair and equal treatment in terms of housing.
The Violation of Civil Rights
Over time, the scope of what is considered a civil right has changed. In particular, the 20th century was a time in which rights that were formerly limited to specific sectors of the population were extended to a wider range of people. This included the extension of voting rights to women, and the anti-discrimination laws that were passed during the decade of the 1960’s.
Even with these laws in place, the violation of basic civil rights continues. When any such violation happens in any setting, including the workplace, there are legal ways to deal with the matter. Civil rights attorneys have extensive experience in protecting the rights of individuals who have been denied these rights, and successfully seeking redress on their behalf.
The struggle to define and protect civil rights continues in the new century. While much has been done, there is still much to do. By learning about civil rights, it is easier to continue moving forward and ensure equality for all people.